The Anatomy of a Bare Root Rose
Rose Pruning Guidelines
These pruning guidelines can be used for yearly pruning of dormant, planted rose bushes. Here are some guidelines and things to look for as you prepare to prune your roses.
Redundant Canes: Canes that grow adjacent or parallel to hefty canes should be removed.
Bud eye: A bud eye lies near every point where a leaf is attached to a cane. Other than basal breaks emerging directly from the bud union, bud eyes are the only points from which a new cane will grow. Pruning canes at a 45° angle just above a bud eye will encourage new growth to start more swiftly. The bud eye should also be facing out or away from the center of the bush.
Shank: The portion of the original rootstock into which the bud was placed.
Sucker: Spontaneous canes emerging from below the bud union are suckers from the roots and should be removed. The soil may need to be dug away from the shank so that the sucker can be removed cleanly its base.
Arena Roses of Paso Robles, California, has graciously permitted us to reprint portions of this information from their catalog. Copyright 2000 Arena Rose Company.